Garden Hill was part of the South Dublin Union where Alex became master. Below a map of the Union in 1907, the year before Alex’s death. You can see Garden Hill on the left. . Picture from the website The Workhouse” The Story of an Institution by Peter Higginbotham. It is an interesting and informative website. If you are interested in the duties of the Master and Matron of the workhouse you can see them here. http://www.workhouses.org.uk/admin/index.shtml#master.
If Agnes was Matron, she would be responsible for the care and welfare of the female inmates. She would also be having her own family which in the end, came to a total of 8. When her sister Sarah died, she took in her three children. Her last pregnancy was difficult. She was carrying twins but miscarried one at 6 months.
Alex spent most of his life trying to improve conditions at the Union, always engaged with a “bullying hierarchy”. Things had certainly improved since the idea of “the Union” had been implemented but money was always the bottom line. In 1895, the workhouse was visited by a “commission” from the British Medical Journal investigating conditions in Irish workhouse infirmaries. Their report noted that South Dublin had separate infirmaries for Roman Catholic and Protestant patients, staffed respectively by nuns (Sisters of Mercy) and deaconesses, with a large number of pauper inmates acting as nursing assistants. Although some of the deaconesses had been trained at Tottenham Hospital, the nuns lacked any formal nursing training. The nuns also only worked during the daytime, and acted only in a supervisory role in the male wards. A total of thirteen nuns and around half a dozen deaconesses had charge of more than a thousand patients, with some wards being “distinctly overcrowded”. Further details are available in the full report. The BMJ’s revelations contributed to the introduction of significant improvements in the standard of Irish workhouse nursing, with the employment of pauper inmates as nurses ending ending after the passing of 1898 Local Government Act.” (From the Workhouse website) It may very well be that Alex called for this inspection. As time went by and the unions were disbanded, the workhouse was converted into St. James Hospital where they discovered a part of it in the Trinity College additon in 2002. .http://www.istructe.ie/2002/11/health-sciences-faculty-at-st-james-hospital-no-14-nov-02/. In 1908, Alex fell while getting out of a car and broke his knee. The ensuing pneumonia killed him. He was only 57.
Two Obituaries for Alex Fraser:
Both obituaries show that Alex was held in “high esteem” in Dublin, the Irish Times commenting on his business ability and “unvarying courtesy”. The Freeman’s Journal show us what family was in attendance (the woman didn’t attend, we don’t know why), church officiates, including John Holmes, his former teacher and the man who performed his wedding ceremony. Other attendees included the Board of Guardians and clerics for the Union, the Medical staff, even members of the public. It is a veritable who’s who of the city.